Tigridia pavonia is very popular as an ornamental plant among lovers of interesting flowers

Tigridia pavonia (Mexican Shell flower, Tiger Flower, Jockey’s Cap Lily, Peacock Flower, Tiger Iris/Flower)

Tigridia pavonia (Mexican Shell flower, Tiger Flower, Jockey's Cap Lily, Peacock Flower, Tiger Iris/Flower) flower covered with red speckles in the center, March 10 2018It is very popular as an ornamental plant among lovers of interesting flowers.

Its large flared-flowers are vividly coloured and come in two-tone combinations pairing white, pink, red, orchid yellow or orange with contrasting spots.

Plant Profile, Culture and Propagation :

  • Botanical Name: Tigridia pavonia (syn.: Ferraria pavonia, Moraea pavonia).
  • Common Names: Striking Tigridia pavonia (Mexican Shell flower, Tiger Flower, Jockey's Cap Lily, Peacock Flower, Tiger Iris/Flower) 'Alba' with 3 large white outer petals, March 10 2018Tiger Flower, Jockey’s Cap Lily, Mexican Shell flower, Peacock Flower, Tiger Iris/Flower.
  • Family Name: Iridaceae.
  • Etymology: The genus name, Tigridia means tiger-like and alludes to the colouration and spotting of the flowers.
  • Origin: Native to Mexico.
    It widely cultivated elsewhere around the world.
  • Plant type: An ornamental and hardy perennial flowering plant.
  • Features: Orange coloured Tigridia pavonia (Mexican Shell flower, Tiger Flower, Jockey's Cap Lily, Peacock Flower, Tiger Iris/Flower), March 2018Tigridia pavonia is from the genus Tigridia that consists of approximately 35 species of plants.
    It can grow between 45-60 cm tall.
    The bright green foliage has leaves between 25.40-30.48 long.
    The foliage has upright blade-shaped leaves and produces several flowers per stalk.
    The lower leaves have longer petioles than the upper ones, up to 1-2 cm long.
    Rose-pink blossom of Tigridia pavonia (Mexican Shell flower, Tiger Flower, Jockey's Cap Lily, Peacock Flower, Tiger Iris/Flower), March 10 2018It is very popular as an ornamental plant among lovers of interesting flowers.
    The blooms come in a variety of colours ranging from red, yellow, pink, rose, lavender and pure white.
    Its flamboyant flowers will last only a day. But since each plant produces an abundance of stems, the flowering period in reality lasts for several weeks.
    Seeds of Tigridia pavonia (Mexican Shell flower, Tiger Flower, Jockey's Cap Lily, Peacock Flower, Tiger Iris/Flower) that propagate easily, March 10 2018Its flowers are hermaphrodite and are 7-15 cm wide with 3 large one-colour petals flanking 3 small sported petals that emerge from a similarly-speckled centre cup.
    Each flower is on top of a 45-60 cm tall and slender stalk.
    The bulbs are edible and have been used by the Native American Indians in the United States.
    It has a chestnut-like flavour.
  • Culture (Care): Tigridia pavonia or Tiger Flower can be easily grown with least maintenance.
    Light: Tigridia pavonia (Mexican Shell flower, Tiger Flower, Jockey's Cap Lily, Peacock Flower, Tiger Iris/Flower) 'Salmon', March 10 2018Best in full sun though tolerates part shade in hot climate areas.
    Moisture: Medium water requirements. Water regularly but do not overwater.
    Soil: Humus-enriched, sandy, medium loamy and well-drained soils.
    Others:
    Beautiful Tigridia pavonia 'Aurea' (Mexican Shell flower, Tiger Flower, Jockey's Cap Lily, Peacock Flower, Tiger Iris/Flower) with bright yellow outer petals, March 10 2018It needs no pruning at all. Just remove flowering stalks and withered leaves to keep it aesthetically pleasing. Generally free from serious garden pests and diseases.
    Nonetheless, watch out thrips that will sometimes disfigure the blooms.
    For subtropical and temperate regions: Hardiness: USDA Zone 8-11.
    Gorgeous Tigridia pavonia (Mexican Shell flower, Tiger Flower, Jockey's Cap Lily, Peacock Flower, Tiger Iris/Flower) 'Lilacea' with light pink outer petals, March 10 2018Tigridia pavonia or Tiger Flower is frost hardy. Its hermaphrodite flowers bloom from early summer to late spring. It is a summer grower and dormant during winter. It is a treasure of the mid-late summer garden. To propagate, direct sow the seeds outdoors in fall. Tiger Flower prefers a sunny site, fertile and well-drained soils. Likes plenty of moisture in the growing season. It cannot grow in the shade.
  • Propagation: By dividing bulbs that produce offsets. Alternately, it can be propagated from seed.
  • Usage: Orangy-red flower of Tigridia pavoniaTigridia pavonia or Tiger Flower are especially charming when grown in groups in the perennial border where they provide bright colour all year long. Ideal to be planted in a container or grown in the ground. The bulbs are edible and have been used by the Native American Indians in the United States. It has a chestnut-like flavour. The plant has been used to promote fertility.

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