Syzygium antisepticum with distinctive reddish-brown, papery and flaky bark

Syzygium antisepticum (Shore Eugenia, Gelam Tikus in Malay)

Syzygium antisepticum or Shore Eugenia is an exotic tree with its signature feature of Unique trunk of Syzygium antisepticum (Shore Eugenia, Gelam Tikus in Malay) covered with reddish-brown, papery and flaky bark, 1 Oct 2017distinctive reddish-brown, papery and flaky bark on its trunk.

Truly a beautiful and an awesome sight to behold!

Besides, it contains some medicinal properties for good health.

Plant Profile, Culture and Propagation :

  • Botanical Name: Syzygium antisepticum (syn.: Syzygium gratum, Syzygium ovatifolium, Eugenia antiseptica).
  • Common Names: Fabulous and colourful trunk of Syzygium antisepticum (Shore Eugenia, Gelam Tikus in Malay), 1 Oct 2017Shore Eugenia, Gelam Tikus in Malay.
  • Family name: Myrtaceae.
  • Etymology: The genus Syzygium is derived from the Greek word syzygos, alluding to the opposite pairs leaves.
    The species epithet antisepticum is derived from the Latin word for antiseptic, referring to the medicinal properties of this species.
  • Origin: Syzygium antisepticum (Shore Eugenia, Gelam Tikus in Malay) can grow between 16-30 m tall, 1 Oct 2017Native to Maritime Southeast Asia that includes Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Philippines and Timor Leste.
    It is widely cultivated elsewhere around the globe.
  • Plant type: An ornamental and perennial tree with papery and flaky reddish-brown bark.
  • Features: Syzygium antisepticum is from the genus Syzygium that consists of about 1200-1800 species of flowering plants.
    A medium-size tree that can reach between 16-30 m in height. Captivating young pinkish leaves of Syzygium antisepticum (Shore Eugenia, Gelam Tikus in Malay), 1 Oct 2017It has a distinctive reddish-brown, papery and flaky bark on its trunk.
    Its 2.5-8 cm long and 1.5-4 cm wide leaves are glossy dark green on the upper side and paler on the underside.
    Young leaves are pinkish or pale red in colour.
    Simple, evergreen and petiolate leaves are lanceolate to narrowly elliptic in shape.
    hite flowers of Syzygium antisepticum (Shore Eugenia, Gelam Tikus in Malay) with numerous, prominent and white stamens, 1 Oct 2017The leaves arranged in opposite pairs along the stems.
    Midrib is impressed on the upper surface with 10-15 pairs of secondary veins.
    The 5-petaled white flowers are borne in clusters and each individual blossom is small with numerous, prominent and white stamens.
    Numerous white spherical fruits of Syzygium antisepticum (Shore Eugenia, Gelam Tikus in Malay), 1 Oct 2017Eventually the flowers will develop into numerous fruits that are oblong-spherical, measuring about 0.6 cm in diameter.
    These are coloured white when ripe.
  • Culture (Care): Syzygium antisepticum or Shore Eugenia can be grown easily with least maintenance.
    Light: Full sun.
    Moisture: Syzygium antisepticum (Shore Eugenia, Gelam Tikus in Malay) with lanceolate leaves in opposite pairs along the stems, 1 Oct 2017Medium water requirement.
    Soil: Humus-enriched, loamy and well-drained soils.
    Others: This beauty requires no pruning at all unless you desire to keep it low. Once every quarter, feed the plant with a slow-release granular fertiliser formulated for flowering plants. Generally, it is free from serious diseases and pests.
    For subtropical and temperate regions: Hardiness: USDA Zone 10-11.
    Syzygium antisepticum or Shore Eugenia is a tropical plant that is well suited to be grown in subtropical regions.
    Syzygium antisepticum (Shore Eugenia, Gelam Tikus in Malay) with its signature feature of reddish-brown, papery and flaky bark on its trunk, 1 Oct 2017A fabulous-looking tree with reddish-brown, papery and flaky bark on its trunk. Plant this exotic and ornamental tree as a specimen or accent in your garden to marvel at and to impress your neighbours. It is normally found in dry evergreen forests and especially in coastal areas, as well as in lowlands, some riverine areas and hills. For non-hardy regions, you can plant in the greenhouse or conservatory.
  • Propagation: Syzygium gratum (Shore Eugenia, Gelam Tikus in Malay), with flaky bark on its trunk, seen at Rimba Ilmu Botanic Garden, Selangor - 1 Aug 2009Easily propagated from seeds though best sown as soon as they ripen.
  • Usage: Syzygium antisepticum or Shore Eugenia, an exotic tree with trunk covered with reddish-brown, papery and flaky bark will be excellent to be planted in public parks and botanical gardens. Suitable as an impressive landscape tree in commercial parking bays and gardens. Shoots and young leaves may be eaten raw or cooked and eaten as a vegetable.
    Syzygium gratum (Shore Eugenia, Gelam Tikus in Malay), with flaky bark on its trunk, seen at Rimba Ilmu Botanic Garden, Selangor - 1 Aug 2009Timber or wood is used for furniture, musical instruments, tool handles and for building of ships and bridges. Shoots and young leaves are eaten raw or cooked and eaten as a vegetable.
    The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a source of tannins. The tannin-yielding bark is used for toughening fishing nets and for colouring clothes reddish-brown or black. Besides, it contains some medical properties for good health, such as having high amounts of antioxidants. This will assist in the prevention of oxidative stress and other related disorders, including indigestion and stomach disorders.

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