Propagating Syngonium podophyllum by division and cuttings

Syngonium podophyllum or commonly known as Goosefoot Plant and Arrowhead Vine/Plant has beautiful variegated leaves that come in variable shades of green, white, cream, yellow and pink, as well as in various leaf shapes and sizes.

Potted Syngonium podophyllum 'Pixie' (Goosefoot Plant, Arrowhead Vine/Plant, African/American Evergreen) in our garden, July 11 2012It is an attractive, elegant and versatile plant that is  popularly cultivated worldwide. Mostly, as an indoor plant and used as a decorative specimen. It thrives well outdoors too as a garden ornamental, trained as a climber on a moss pole and trellis, espaliered on a garden wall or allowed to trail/creep as a ground cover in beds and borders.

Syngonium podophyllum which is native to Mexico and southwards to South America, can be easily propagated in various ways without much fuss.

Learn how to propagate Syngonium podophyllum (Goosefoot Plant, Arrowhead Vine, Nephthytis) in the following ways :

A. By division of the Syngonium podophyllum clump –

1. Propagating Syngonium podophyllum by divisionCarefully remove the plant from its pot when the soil had become congested with roots. Then use a knife or something similar to divide the clump into smaller sections, complete with the roots. Gently shake away the excess soil from its roots.

I’ve divided my potted clump into two unequal sections, one larger than the other as illustrated in the image below. My motive was to have the larger and bushier clump, ready for use as a decorative specimen for my garden porch, whilst the smaller section was specifically for this post on propagating.

If your plant is on the ground, just dig out a section from the established clump with a spade and plant elsewhere to propagate new plants.

2. Plant the sections in separate pots or in the ground as desired. Repot each division in fresh garden soil, ensuring that the growing point is above the soil. Gently firm the soil around each division. Then water thoroughly through and locate it at a warm and semi-shaded site.

Propagating Syngonium podophyllum by division

B. By shoot tips or stem cuttings –

1. Cut a shoot tip or a stem section from a healthy plant with a sharp knife just below the leaf joint. Remove the basal leaves, retaining one or two leaves. Get a few more cuttings the same way.

Propagating Syngonium podophyllum by shoot tips or stem sections

Propagating Syngonium podophyllum by shoot tips or stem sections - step 1

2. Fill a pot with fresh garden soil. Make several holes about 3-4 cm deep with a pencil and trust a cutting inside each hole. Gently firm the soil around the stems. Water them thoroughly.

Propagating Syngonium podophyllum by shoot tips or stem sections - step 2

3.Locate them at a warm and semi-shaded site. Keep soil moist and with regular misting to maintain humidity, roots will develop within 2-4 weeks.

The image below which was taken 4 months after propagation shows their healthy growth. However, the variegation is much lighter as the pot was located at our porch with low light. Increase exposure to bright light or more sunshine to obtain better foliar variegation.

Potted Syngonium podophyllum 'Pixie' with less obvious variegation when located at our porch with low light

By the way, another alternative way to root stem cuttings is placing them in a bottle or jar of water. You can then pot them when roots emerge or transfer them to a water-filled decorative vase to beautify your home indoors.

Last edit: June 14,2016

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