Plants Index by Botanical Families

Alphabetical listing of plants by Family Names

Our site’s plant database or encyclopedia, indexed alphabetically by botanical families for easy reference and access. List will be continually updated.

Click on the desired plant’s botanical name for images, plant profile and culture. The common names are in parenthesis.

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(Last update – 14 December, 2017)

Acanthaceae:
Aphelandra squarrosa (Zebra Plant)
Crossandra infundibuliformis (Firecracker Flower, Firecracker Plant, Kanakambaram)
Fittonia albivenis or F. verschaffeltii (Mosaic Plant, Nerve Plant, Painted/Silver Net Leaf, Silver Fittonia/Nerve/Threads, Snakeskinplant)
Graptophyllum pictum ‘Aurea Variegata’ (Caricature Plant, Jamaican Croton)
Hemigraphis alternata (Red Flame Ivy, Red Ivy, Cemetary Plant, Metal-leaf, Purple Waffle Plant)
Pseuderanthemum reticulatum (Golden Pseuderanthemum, Yellow-vein Eranthemum, Golden Net-bush, False/Speckled Eranthemum, Golden Eldorado)
Ruellia brittoniana ‘Katie’ (Katie Dwarf Ruellia, Dwarf Purple Ruellia, Dwarf Mexican Petunia, Dwarf Blue Bell)
Ruellia simplex [syn: R. brittoniana, R. tweediana] (Britton’s Wild Petunia, Desert Petunia, Mexican Petunia, Mexican Bluebell)
Thunbergia erecta (King’s Mantle, Bush Clock Vine, Trumpet Thunbergia)
Thunbergia laurifolia (Blue Trumpet Vine, Blue Sky Vine, Laurel-leaved Thunbergia, Laurel Clock Vine, Babbler’s Vine)
Thunbergia mysorensis (Clock Vine, Lady’s Slipper Vine, Brick & Butter Vine, Dolls’ Shoes, Mysore Clock Vine)
Agapanthaceae:
Agapanthus (African Lily, Blue Lily, Lily of the Nile)
Agariaceae:
Leucocoprinus birnbaumii (Flowerpot Parasol, Plantpot Dapperling, Yellow Parasol, Yellow Pleated Parasol, Yellow Houseplant Mushroom, Lemon-yellow Lepiota)
Agavaceae:
Cordyline terminalis (syn.: C. fruticosa) (Hawaiian Ti, Ti Plant, Good Luck Plant/Tree)
Yucca aloifolia (syn: Yucca yucatana) (Spanish Bayonet, Aloe Yucca, Dagger Plant)
Amaranthaceae:
Alternanthera ficoidea [syn: A. tenella] (Joseph’s Coat, Parrot Leaf, Calico Plant, Sanguinarea, Bloodleaf, Joyweed, Copperleaf)
Celosia argentea (Plumed Cockscomb, Silver Cock’s Comb, Woolflowers, Troublesome Weed)
Gomphrena globosa (Bachelor’s Buttons, Globe Amaranth, Gomphrena)
Amaryllidaceae:
Clivia miniata (Bush Lily, Kaffir Lily, Clivia Lily, St John’s Lily, Fire Lily)
Crinum asiaticum [syn.: C. amabile] (Giant/Grand Crinum Lily, Spider Lily, Asiatic Poison Bulb, Poison Bulb/Lily, Seashore Lily, Bakong)
Crinum asiaticum ‘Variegatum’ (Variegated Crinum, Variegated Grand Crinum Lily, Variegated Giant Spider Lily, Striped Bengal Lily, Asiatic Poison Bulb)
Hippeastrum (Amaryllis, Hippeastrums, Hippies, Barbados Lily)
Hymenocallis caribaea (Caribbean Spiderlily, Spider Lily, White Lily)
Proiphys amboinensis (Cardwell Lily, Northern Christmas Lily)
Zephyranthes Species (Rain Lily, Zephyr Lily, Fairy Lily)
Anacardiaceae:
Spondias dulcis (Ambarella, Golden Apple, Yellow/Golden Plum)
Annonaceae:
Annona muricata (Soursop, Prickly Custard Apple, Durian Belanda in Malay)
Annona squamosa (Custard Apple, Sugar Apple)
Polyalthia longifolia (False Ashoka, Buddha Tree, Mast Tree)
Apocynaceae:
Adenium obesum (Desert Rose, Mock Azalea, Impala Lily, Sabi Star, Kudu)
Allamanda blanchetii (Cherry Allamanda, Purple Allamanda)
Allamanda cathartica (Yellow Allamanda, Yellow Bell, Golden Trumpet, Buttercup Flower)
Allamanda cathartica cv. Indonesia Sunset (Peach-coloured Allamanda)
Catharanthus roseus (Madagascar Periwinkle, Cape Periwinkle, Rose/Rosy Periwinkle, Vinca)
Hoya (Wax Plant, Waxvine, Waxflower, Porcelain Flower)
Nerium oleander ‘Pink’ (Oleander)
Nerium oleander (Rosebay, Nerium, Oleander)
Plumeria (Frangipani)
Tabernaemontana divaricata (Pinwheel Flower, Crepe/Crape Jasmine, Crepe Gardenia, East Indian Rosebay, Nero’s Crown, Milk Flower)
Wrightia antidysenterica (Snowflake, Milky Way, Arctic Snow, Winter Cherry Tree, Sweet Indrajao, Pudpitchaya, Hyamaraca)
Araceae (Arum/Aroid family):
Aglaonema spp. (Aglaonema, Chinese Evergreen)
Aglaonema cv. Legacy (Thai Aglaonema, Aglaonema Thai Hybrid, Thai Chinese Evergreen)
Aglaonema cv. ‘Valentine’ (Thai Aglaonema, Chinese Evergreen)
Alocasia cuprea (Giant Caladium, Elephant’s Ear, Jewel Alocasia)
Alocasia macrorrhizos ‘Variegata’ [syn: A. macrorrhiza ‘Variegata’] (Variegated Giant Elephant Ear, Variegated Giant Alocasia, Variegated Giant Taro)
Alocasia sanderiana [syn: Schizocasia sanderiana W. Bull Engl.] (Kris Plant, Keris Plant, Sander’s Alocasia, African Mask)
Anthurium andraeanum (Flamingo Flower/Lily, Tail Flower, Lacquer Anthurium, Oilcloth Flower, Painter’s Palette)
Caladium lindenii ‘Magnificum’ (Angel’s Wing, Indian Kale)
– Caladium ‘Lucky Purple’ (Moung Mong Kol, Lucky Purple Caladium, Lucky Purple Elephant Ear, Heart of Jesus ‘Lucky Purple’)
– Caladium Rosebud (Rose Bud Caladium, Fancy Leaf Caladium, Angel Wings, Elephant Ears)
– Caladium ‘White Christmas’ (Angel-wing White Christmas, Fancy Leaf White Caladium, White Christmas Caladium)
Dieffenbachia Species (Dumb Cane, Spotted Dumb Cane, Leopard Lily)
Dieffenbachia bowmannii Carriere (Dumb Cane, Spotted Dumbcane, Leopard Lily)
Epipremnum aureum (Pothos, Devil’s Ivy, Money Plant, Silver/Taro Vine, Centipede tongavine, Hunter’s Robe)
Homalomena rubescens (Roxb.) Kunth (Homalomena rubescens)
Philodendron bipinnatifidum (Cut-Leaf/Split-Leaf/Fiddle-Leaf Philodendron, Tree Philodendron, Lacy Tree Philodendron, Selloum)
Schismatoglottis calyptrata (Drop Tongue, ‘Guang xi luo yan’ (in China), Dukaruk (in Sabah – Kadazandusun language))
Spathiphyllum spp. (Peace Lily, Spathe Flower, White Anthurium)
Syngonium podophyllum (Goosefoot Plant, Arrowhead Vine/Plant, Nephthytis, Five-fingers, African/American Evergreen)
Araliaceae:
Osmoxylon lineare ‘Variegata’ (Variegated Miagos Bush, Green Aralia)
Schefflera arboricola ‘Janine’ (Janine Schefflera, Dwarf Umbrella Tree, Hawaiian Elf Schefflera)
Araucariaceae:
Araucaria heterophylla (Norfolk Island Pine, Star Pine, Triangle Tree, Living Christmas Tree)
Arecaceae (Palmae):
Adonidia merrillii; syn: Veitchia merrillii (Manila Palm, Christmas Palm, Dwarf Royal Palm)
Bismarckia nobilis; syn: Medemia nobilis (Bismarck Palm, Bismark Palm)
Caryota mitis (Clustered Fishtail Palm, Tufted Fishtail Palm, Burmese Fishtail)
Cyrtostachys renda (Red Sealing Wax Palm, Lipstick Palm, Rajah Palm)
Dypsis leptocheilos (Redneck Palm, Teddy Bear Palm, Red Fuzzy Palm)
Dypsis lutescens (Butterfly Palm, Yellow Butterfly/Bamboo Palm, Yellow Palm, Golden Yellow Palm, Golden Feather/Cane Palm, Areca Palm, Madagascar Palm)
Elaeis guineensis (Palm Oil, African Oil Palm, Kelapa Sawit in Malay)
Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (Bottle Palm, Palmiste Gargoulette)
Johannesteijsmannia magnifica (Silver Joey, Umbrella Palm, Daun Payung in Malay)
Latania loddigesii (Blue Latan Palm, Latan Palm, Blue Latania Palm)
Licuala grandis (Vanuatu Fan Palm, Ruffled Fan Palm, Ruffled Lantan Palm, Palas Payung, Round-leaved/Large-leaved Licuala Palm)
Livistona chinensis (Chinese Fan Palm, Chinese Fountain Palm)
Oncosperma tigillarium (Nibung Palm, Nibong Palm, Nibung, Nibong)
Pritchardia pacifica (Fiji Fan Palm, Pacific Fan Palm)
Ptychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur Palm, Macarthur Feather Palm, Cluster Palm, Hurricane Palm)
Rhapis excelsa (Lady Palm, Broadleaf Lady Palm, Bamboo Palm)
Roystonea regia (Cuban Royal Palm, Florida Royal Palm, Royal Palm)
Saribus rotundifolius (Round-leaf Fountain Palm, Footstool/Fan Palm, Table Palm, Java Fan Palm, Anahaw Palm)
Wodyetia bifurcada (Foxtail Palm, Wodyetia Palm)
Asparagaceae:
Agave desmettiana (Smooth Agave, Dwarf Century Plant, Smooth Century Plant)
Agave desmettiana ‘Variegata’ (Dwarf Variegated Agave, Variegated Smooth Agave, Variegated Smooth Century Plant)
Asparagus officinalis (Asparagus, Garden Asparagus)
Chlorophytum comosum (Spider Plant, Variegated Spider Plant, Airplane Plant, Ribbon Plant)
Chlorophytum comosum ‘Variegatum’ (White Spider, White-edged Spider Plant, Variegated Spider Ivy, Airplane/Ribbon Plant, Hen-and-chickens)
Dracaena braunii; syn.: Dracaena sanderiana (Lucky Bamboo, Ribbon Plant, Ribbon Dracaena, Belgian Evergreen)
Dracaena deremensis (Dracaena, Dracaena Cane, Green Dracaena, Cornstalk Dracaena)
Dracaena marginata (Madagascar Dragon Tree, Red-edged Dracaena)
Dracaena reflexa ‘Song of India’ (Pleomele, Dracaena reflexa variegata, ‘Song-of-India’, Reflexed Dracaena)
Asphodelaceae:
Aloe vera (Chinese/Indian Aloe, True Aloe, Barbados Aloe, Burn/Medicinal Aloe, First Aid Plant)
Dianella ensifolia (Umbrella Dracaena, Flax Lily, Common Dianella, Sword-leaf Dracaena, Cerulean Flax-lily, Siak-Siak in Malay)
Aspleniaceae:
Asplenium Nidus (Bird’s Nest Fern, Crow’s Nest Fern)
Asteraceae:
Coreopsis (Calliopsis, Tickseed, Pot Of Gold, Yellow Cosmos)
Dahlia imperialis (Tree Dahlia, Bell Tree Dahlia, Imperial/Giant Dahlia)
Dahlia ‘Suffolk Punch’ (Dahlia, Garden Dahlia)
Gerbera jamesonii (Gerbera Daisy, Gerber Daisy, Transvaal Daisy, Barberton Daisy, African Daisy)
Helianthus annuus (Common Sunflower, Comb Flower, Golden Flower, St Bartholomew’s Star)
Melampodium divaricatum (Butter Daisy, Melampodium, Gold Medallion Flower)
Tagetes erecta, Tagetes patula (African/American Marigold, French Marigold)
Balsaminaceae:
Impatiens balsamina (Garden Balsam, Garden Jewelweed, Touch-me-not, Rose Balsam, Spotted Snapweed)
Impatiens walleriana (Impatiens, Touch-me-not, Jewel Weed, Sultana, Busy Lizzy/Lizzie, Patience Plant, Zanzibar Balsam)
Begoniaceae:
Begonia rajah (Resam Batu in Malay)
Bignoniaceae:
Crescentia cujete [syn.: C. acuminata, C. angustifolia] (Calabash Tree, Gourd Tree, ‘Mo Fa Kor’ in Chinese)
Podranea ricasoliana (Pink Trumpet Vine, Port St Johns Creeper, Port St Johns-klimop)
Pyrostegia venusta (Flame Vine, Flaming Trumpet, Orange Trumpet Vine/Creeper, Golden Shower)
Tecoma capensis (syn.: Tecomaria/Bignonia capensis) (Cape Honeysuckle)
Tecoma stans (Yellow Bells, Yellow Trumpetbush, Yellow Elder, Ginger-thomas)
Bombacaceae:
Durio zibethinus (Durian, Common Durian, Civet Fruit, Durian Kampong in Malay)
Bromeliaceae:
Aechmea gamosepala ‘Lucky Stripe’ (Variegated Matchstick Plant/Bromeliad, Variegated Gamos Bromeliad, Variegated Urn Plant)
Ananas comosus (Pineapple, Nanas in Malay)
Guzmania lingulata var. minor (Orange Star, Scarlet Star)
Cryptanthus bivittatus (Earth Star, Starfish Plant)
Tillandsia ionantha [syn.: Tillandsia/Pityrophyllum erubescens] (Tilly, Air Plant, Airplant, Blushing Bride, Sky Plant)
Cactaceae:
Hylocereus undatus (Red Pitaya, Red Pitahaya, Dragonfruit, Dragon Fruit, Night Blooming Cereus, Belle of the Night, Strawberry Pear, Conderella Plant)
Pereskia sacharosa (Needle Seven Blade, Seven Star Needle, Rose Cactus, Tree Cancer, Jarum Tujuh Bilah in Malay)
Schlumbergera truncata (Christmas Cactus, Thanksgiving Cactus, Holiday Cactus, Zygocactus, Crab Cactus)
Campanulaceae:
Platycodon grandiflorus (Balloon Flower, Platycodon, Chinese Balloon Flower, Korean/Chinese/Japanese Bellflower)
Caricaceae:
Carica papaya (Papaya, Papaw, Pawpaw, Melon Tree, Betik in Malay)
Caryophyliaceae:
Dianthus caryophyllus (Carnation, Border Carnation, Clove Pink)
Dianthus spp. and hybrids [Carnation (D. caryophyllus), Pink (D. plumarius and related species), Sweet William (D. barbatus), Chinese/Rainbow Pink (D. chinensis)]
Cleomaceae:
– Cleome hassleriana [syn.: Cleome houtteana, Tarenaya hassleriana] (Spider Flower, Spiderplant, Pink Queen, Grandfather’s Whiskers)
Clusiaceae:
– Garcinia atroviridis (Malabar Tamarind, Asam Gelugur/Keping in Malay)
Combretaceae:
Bucida buceras cv. Variegata (Variegated Madagascar Almond, Dwarf Geometry Tree, Spiny Black Olive, Spiny Bucida, Oxhorn Bucida)
Quisqualis indica L. ( Rangoon Creeper Vine, Burma Creeper, Drunken Sailor, Scarlet Ragoon, Chinese Honeysuckle)
Commelinaceae:
Tradescantia bermudensis ‘Variegata’ (Variegated Oyster Plant, Variegated Boat Lily/Plant, Variegated Moses-in-the-basket)
Tradescantia pallida ‘Purple Heart’ or ‘Purpurea’ [syn.: Setcreasea pallida] (Purple Queen, Purple Heart, Purple Secretia, Wandering Jew)
Convolvulaceae:
Evolvulus glomeratus (Evolvulus, Blue Daze, Hawaiian Blue Eyes, Brazilian Dwarf Morning-Glory)
Ipomoea batatas (Sweet Potato, Sweet Potato Vine, Keledek in Malay)
Ipomoea indica (Morning Glory, Blue Morning Glory, Oceanblue Morning Glory, Blue Dawn Flower)
Ipomoea quamoclit (Cypress Vine, Cardinal Creeper/Vine, Star Glory, Hummingbird Vine, Bunga Tali-tali in Malay)
Costaceae:
Cheilocostus speciosus [syn: Costus speciosus] (Crape Ginger, Crepe Ginger, Canereed, Malay Ginger, Spiral Flag/Ginger, White Costus)
Costus speciosus ‘Variegatus’ (Variegated Crepe Ginger, Variegated Spiral Ginger, Variegated Spiral Flag)
Costus woodsonii (syn: Costus/Alpinia spiralis] (Red Button Ginger, Scarlet Spiral Flag, Red Cane, Panamanian Candle Ginger, Indian Head Ginger, Dwarf French Kiss)
Crassulaceae:
Kalanchoe blossfeldiana (Christmas Kalanchoe, Florist Kalanchoe, Flaming Katy)
Echeveria ‘Blue Curls’ (Mexican Hen and Chicks)
Cucurbitaceae:
Cucurbita moschata (Pumpkin, Butternut Pumpkin, Butternut/Winter Squash, Cheese Pumpkin)
Momordica charantia (Bitter Gourd, Bitter Melon, Bitter Squash/Cucumber, Balsam Pear, Peria in Malay)
Zucchini (Courgette, Italian Marrow, Summer Squash)
Cycadaceae:
Cycas clivicola (Cliff Cycad, Mountain Cycad, Limestone Cycad)
Cycas revoluta (Japanese Sago Palm, King Sago, Sago Cycad, Sago Palm)
Cyperaceae:
Cyperus involucratus (Umbrella Plant, Umbrella Sedge, Umbrella Grass, Umbrella Papyrus, Galingale)
Dicksoniaceae:
Cibotium barometz (Golden Chicken Fern, Scythian Lamb, Woolly Fern, Golden Moss, Bulu Pusi in Malay)
Dioscoreaceae:
Dioscorea polystachya (Chinese Yam, Cinnamon Vine, Ubi Keladi in Malay)
Dipterocarpceae:
Vatica yeechongii (Resak Daun Panjang in Malay)
Dracaenaceae:
Dracaena surculosa (Spotted Dracaena, Gold Dust Dracaena, Gold Dust Plant)
Ericaceae (Heath Family):
Rhododendron simsii; Azalea indica (Indoor/Indian Azalea, Chinese Indica/Azalea, Sim’s Azalea, Belgian/Southern Indian or Indica Hybrids)
Euphorbiaceae:
Codiaeum variegatum (Croton, Garden Croton, Variegated Laurel)
Euphorbia bracteata (Little Bird Flower, Tall Slipper Flower, Slipper Plant, Candelilla, ‘Xiao Niao Hua’ in Mandarin, ‘Pokok Burung Indonesia’ in Malay)
Euphorbia milii (Crown of Thorns, Christ Plant, Christ Thorn/Crown)
Euphorbia pulcherrima (Poinsettia, Christmas Flower/Star, Lobster Plant/Flower, Flame Leaf Flower, Mexican Flameleaf)
Euphorbia tithymaloides ‘Variegatus’ (Variegated Devil’s Backbone, Jacob’s Ladder, Zig-zag Plant, Redbird Flower/Cactus, Christmas Candle, Slipper Spurge/Plant, Japanese Poinsettia)
Excoecaria cochinchinensis cv. Firestorm (syn.:Excoecaria bicolor, Antidesma bicolor) (Chinese Croton Firestorm, Variegated Blindness Tree, Blindness Tree, Jungle Fire Plant, Buta-buta)
Jatropha integerrima (Spicy Jatropha, Peregrina, Chaya, Firecracker, Firecracker Jatroph, Star of Bethlehem)
Jatropha podagrica (Gout Plant/Stick, Buddha Belly Plant, Bottleplant Shrub, Purging Nut, Guatemala Rhubarb)
Manihot esculenta (Cassava, Brazilian Arrowroot, Yuca, Ubi Kayu in Malay)
Ricinus communis (Castor Bean, Castor Oil Plant, Castorseed, Mexico Seed, Palma Christi, Wonder Tree [in Malay: Jarak api/minyak])
Fabaceae/Leguminosae/Mimosaceae:
Bauhinia kockiana (Kock’s Bauhinia, Red Trailing Bauhinia, Climbing Bauhinia)
Bauhinia purpurea (Orchid Tree, Purple Bauhinia, Butterfly Tree, Hawaiian/Purple Orchid Tree, Camel’s Foot Tree)
Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Dwarf Poinciana, Dwarf Flamboyan, Pride of Barbados, Barbados Flower-fence, Peacock Flower, Paradise Poinciana, Red Bird-of-Paradise)
Calliandra emarginata ‘Red’ (Dwarf Powder Puff, Powderpuff Plant)
Cassia fistula (Golden Shower Tree/Cassia, Purging Cassia/Fistula, Indian Laburnum, Monkey-pod Tree)
Christia obcordata (Swallowtail Plant, Butterfly Leaf, Butterfly Wing/Plant, Butterfly Leaf ‘Stripe’)
Christia vespertilionis (Red Butterfly Wing, Mariposa, Aircraft/Bat Grass)
Clitoria ternatea (Butterfly Pea, Blue Pea Vine, Asian Pigeonwings, Bunga Telang/Biru in Malay)
Mucuna bennettii (New Guinea Creeper, Scarlet Jade Vine, Red Jade Vine)
Parkia speciosa (Bitter Bean, Twisted Cluster Bean, Stink Bean, Petai in Malay)
Pithecellobium dulce ‘Variegated’ (Variegated Madras Thorn, Manila Tamarind, Sweet Inga, Monkey Pod)
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (Four-angled Bean, Winged Bean/Pea, Princess/Asparagus Pea, Manila/Goa Bean, Kacang Botol in Malay)
Strongylodon macrobotrys (Jade Vine, Emerald Vine, Emerald Creeper, Turquoise Jade Vine)
Uraria crinita (Cat’s Tail Plant, Asian Foxtail)
Gentianaceae:
Exacum affine (syn.: Exacum socotranum) (Persian Violet, Exacum Persian Violet)
Geraniaceae:
Geranium (Cranesbills, Geranium)
Gesneriaceae:
Aeschynanthus radicans (A. lobbianus) (Lipstick Plant, Lipstick Vine, Basket Vine)
Chrysothemis pulchella (Copper Leaf)
Columnea scandens L. variegata (Goldfish Plant, Flying Goldfish Plant, Columnea)
Episcia cupreata (Flame Violet, Carpet Plant)
Sinningia speciosa (Gloxinia, Florist’s Gloxinia, Brazalian Gloxinia, Violet Slipper Gloxinia)
Hamamelidaceae:
Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum ‘Burgundy’ (Chinese Witch Hazel, Chinese Fringe Flower, Pink Chinese Loropetalum)
Heliconiaceae:
Heliconia rostrata (Lobster Claw, False Bird of Paradise, Hanging Heliconia)
Heliconia species (Parrot’s Heliconia, Lobster Claw, Christmas Heliconia, etc.)
Hostaceae:
Hosta (Corfu Lily, Day Lily, Plantain Lily, Giboshi, Funkia)
Hydrangeaceae
Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Endless Summer’ (Mophead Hydrangea, Bigleaf Hydrangea, French Hydrangea, Hortensia)
Iridaceae:
Trimezia steyermarkii (Yellow Walking Iris, Traveling Iris)
Lamiaceae:
Clerodendrum paniculatum (Pagoda Flower, Orange Tower Flower, Hanuman Kireetam)
Lavandula (Lavender)
Mentha spicata (syn.: Mentha viridis, Mentha spicata var. ciliata) (Garden Mint, Common Mint, Spearmint, English Mint)
Orthosiphon aristatus/stamineus (Cat’s Whiskers, Java Tea, Misai/Kumis Kuching)
Plectranthus ‘Mona Lavender’ (Lavender Spur Flower, Mona Lavender)
Salvia splendent (Scarlet Sage, Red Salvia, Tropical Sage)
Solenostemon scutellarioides (Coleus, Flame/Painted Nettle, Painted Leaves, Duckfoot)
Lauraceae:
Cinnamomum verum (Cinnamon, True Cinnamon, Ceylon/Cassia Cinnamon, Cinnamon Bark Tree, Kayu Manis in Malay)
Liliaceae:
Asparagus densiflorus ‘Sprengeri’ (Sprengeri/Sprenger’s Asparagus Fern, Asparagus Fern, Emerald Fern, Basket Asparagus)
Chlorophytum amaniense (Fire Flash, Fire Glory, Mandarin Plant, Tangerine, Sierra Leone Lily)
Chlorophytum laxum ‘Bichetii’ (Bichetii Grass, False Lily Turf, Wheat Plant, Siam Lily, Variegated/Dwarf Spider Plant)
Lilium species (Lily)
Lythraceae:
Cuphea hyssopifolia (Mexican Heather, False Heather, Hawaiian Heather)
Lagerstroemia (Crape Myrtle, Crepe Myrtle, Crepe Flower, Japanese Crape Myrtle, Indian Crape Myrtle)
Lagerstroemia speciosa (Giant crape-myrtle, Queen’s crape-myrtle, Queen’s Flower, Pride-of-India)
Punica granatum (Pomegranate, Buah Delima in Malay)
Malpighiaceae:
Tristellateia australasiae (Shower of Gold Climber, Vining Milkweed/Thriallis, Galphimia Vine, Australian Gold/Golden Vine, Maiden’s Jealousy)
Malvaceae:
Abutilon megapotamicum (Flowering Maple, Trailing Abutilon, Brazilian Bellflower, Chinese Lantern)
Hibiscus mutabilis (Confederate Rose, Cotton Rose, Cotton Rosemallow, Changeable Rose)
Hibiscus sabdariffa (Roselle, Red/Indian/Jamaican Sorrel, Rosella, Florida Cranberry, Assam Belanda)
Hibiscus schizopetalus (Japanese Lantern, Japaneses Hibiscus, Fringed Rosemallow, Coral Hibiscus, Spider Hibiscus)
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (Tropical Hibiscus, Chinese Hibiscus, China Rose, Shoe Flower, Hawaiian Hibiscus)
Marantaceae:
Calathea elliptica ‘Vittata’ [syn.: Calathea elliptica (Roscoe) K. Schum.] (Calathea Vittata, Prayer Plant Vittata)
Calathea lancifolia (syn.: Calathea insignis) (Rattlesnake Plant)
Calathea lutea (Cigar Calathea, Cuban Cigar, Mexican Cigar Plant, Habana Cigar, Pampano)
Calathea makoyana (Peacock Plant, Cathedral Windows, Brain Plant)
Calathea ornata ‘Sanderiana’ (Calathea Broad Leaf, Striped Calathea, Pin-stripe Plant)
Calathea roseo picta (Rose Painted Calathea, Rose Painted Prayer Plant)
Calathea warscewiczii (Prayer Plant, Calathea, Calathea Plant)
Ctenanthe burle-marxii ‘Amagris’ [syn.: Ctenanthe oppenheimiana ‘Amagris’] (Ctenanthe Amagris, Fishbone Prayer Plant)
Ctenanthe pilosa ‘Golden Mosaic’ [syn. of C. marantifolia] (Golden Variegated Ctenanthe)
Stromanthe sanguinea ‘Triostar’ or ‘Tricolo’ (Never-never Plant, Triostar Ginger, Triostar/Tricolor Stromanthe)
Melastomataceae:
Melastoma malabathricum (Malabar melastome, Indian/Singapore/Straits Rhododendron, Common Sendudok, Malbar Gooseberry)
Tibouchina mutabilis (Manaca, Brazilian Sendudok in Malay)
Tibouchina urvilleana (Princess Flower, Glory Flower/Bush, Purple Glory Tree, Lasiandra, Pleroma, Brazilian Sendudok)
Moraceae:
Artocarpus altilis (Breadfruit, Buah Sukun in Malay)
Artocarpus heterophyllus (Jackfruit, Jack Tree, Jakfruit, Nangka in Malay)
Artocarpus integer (Chempedak, Cempedak, Campedak, Champedak, Chempedak Utan)
Ficus elastica ‘Variegata’ (Variegated Indian Rubber Tree/Fig, Variegated Rubber Fig/Tree, Variegated Rubber Plant/Bush)
Morus nigra (syn.: Morus scabra, Morus laciniata) (Black Mulberry, Blackberry, Indian/Persian Mulberry, Silkworm Mulberry, Hei Sang in Chinese)
Moringaceae:
Moringa oleifera (Drumstick Tree, Horseradish Tree, Ben Oil Tree)
Musaceae:
Musa acuminata (Dwarf Cavendish Banana, Ornamental Banana, Pisang Serendah)
Myrtaceae:
Callistemon citrinus (Red Bottlebrush, Crimson Bottlebrush, Lemon Bottlebrush)
Syzygium antisepticum (Shore Eugenia, Gelam Tikus in Malay)
Syzygium myrtifolium (Red Lip, Wild Cinnamon, Australian Brush Cherry, Kelat Paya/Oil in Malay)
Syzygium samarangense (Wax Jambu, Java Rose Apple, Water Apple)
Nephrolepidaceae:
Nephrolepis falcata cv. furcans (Fishtail Fern, Fishtail Swordfern, Forked/Weeping Sword Fern)
Nyctaginaceae:
Bougainvillea Species (Bougainvillea, Paper Flower)
Onagraceae:
Fuchsia species and hybrids (Fuchsia, Lady’s Eardrops, Bush Fuchsia, Basket Fuchsia, Trailing Fuchsia)
Orchidaceae:
Arundina graminifolia [syn: A. bambusifolia, A. chinensis] (Bamboo Orchid, Bird Orchid, Grass-like Leaf Arundina, Kinta Weed)
Cattleya species and hybrids (Cattleya, Cattleya Orchid, Corsage Orchid, Queen of Flowers)
Dendrobium Phalaenopsis (Dendrobium Orchid)
Epidendrum spp. (Epi, Epidendrum Orchid, Crucifix Orchid, Reedstem Epidendrum, Star Orchid)
Paphiopedilum barbatum (Slipper Orchid, Bearded Paphiopedilum, Lady’s Slipper)
Paphiopedilum glaucophyllum (Tropical/Asian Lady’s Slipper, Shiny Green Leaf Paphiopedilum)
Spathoglottis plicata (Ground Orchid, Large Purple Orchid, Pleated Leaf Spathoglottis, Common Spathoglottis, Philippine Ground Orchid)
White Phalaenopsis Orchid cv. aphrodite (Moth Orchid, Phal.)
Vanda Species (Vanda Orchid)
Orchnaceae:
Ochna kirkii (Mickey Mouse Plant, Bird’s Eye Bush)
Oxalidaceae:
Averrhoa bilimbi (Bilimbi, Bilimbi Tree, Cucumber Tree, Tree Sorrel, Belimbing Asam/Buloh in Malay)
Oxalis triangularis (Purple or Dark Leaf Shamrock, Purpleleaf False Shamrock)
Pandanaceae:
Pandanus amaryllifolius / odorus (Pandan Leaf/Leaves, Fragrant Pandan)
Pandanus baptistii ‘Variegated’ (Gold-striped Screw Pine, Variegated Screw Pine, Compact Golden Screw Pine)
Pandanus tectorius (Tahitian Screwpine, Thatch/Textile Screwpine, Tourist Pineapple, Hala, Screw Pine, Mengkuang Laut/Duri in Malay)
Pandanus veitchii ‘Variegata’ (Variegated Dwarf Pandanus, Variegated Screw Pine, Variegated Veitch’s Screw Pine)
Passifloraceae:
Passiflora edulis (Passion Fruit, Passionfruit, Purple granadilla)
Passiflora laurifolia (Jamaican Honeysuckle, Golden Bellapple, Water Lemon, Yellow Granadilla)
Passiflora miniata Vanderplank (syn: Passiflora coccinea hort.) (Red Granadilla, Red Passion Flower, Scarlet Passion Flower, Passionflower, Passion Vine)
Turnera ulmifolia (Yellow Alder, Ramgoat Dashalong, Sage Rose, Cuban Buttercup, West Indian Holly)
Piperaceae
Peperomia clusiifolia ‘Jellie’ (Variegated Red Edge Peperomia)
Piper nigrum (Black Pepper, Common Pepper, Pepper Vine/Plant, White/Madagascar Pepper, Lada Hitam in Malay)
Plantaginaceae
Angelonia cultivars of species, Angelonia angustifolia (Angelonia, Summer Snapdragon, Narrowleaf Angelon, Angel Flower, Summer Orchid)
Antirrhinum majus (syn.: A. cirrhigerum/litigiosum, A. linkianum/tortuosum (Common Snapdragon, Garden Snapdragon, Snapdragon, Dragon Flowers)
Russelia equisetiformis (Firecracker Plant, Coral Fountain/Plant, Fountain Plant, Coralblow)
Plumbaginaceae:
Plumbago auriculata / capensis (Blue Plumbago, Cape Plumbago, Cape Leadwort, Skyflower)
Poaceae:
Bambusa multiplex (Clumping Bamboo, Hedge Bamboo, Chinese Dwarf Bamboo, Buluh Pagar in Malay)
Cymbopogon citratus (basionym: Andropogon citratus) (Lemon Grass, Lemongrass, Barbed Wire Grass, Citronella Grass, Silky Heads, West Indian Lemongrass, ‘Serai’ in Malay)
Thysanolaena latifolia (Bamboo Grass, Tiger Grass, Asian Broom Grass, Rumput Buloh/ Teberau in Malay)
Podocarpaceae:
Podocarpus macrophyllus var. Maki (Shrubby Japanese Yew, Buddhist Pine, Yew/Chinese Podocarp, Podocarpus)
Polypodiaceae:
Platycerium (Staghorn Fern, Elkhorn Fern)
Platycerium coronarium (StaghornFern, Stag’s Horn Fern, Crown Staghorn, Disc Stag’s Horn Fern, Elkhorn Fern)
Portulacaceae:
Portulaca grandiflora (Portulaca, Rose Moss, Moss Rose, Sun Plant)
Pteridaceae:
Adiantum capillus-veneris (Southern Maidenhair Fern, Common Maidenhair Fern, Venus Hairfern)
Adiantum latifolium Lam. (Broadleaf Maidenhair)
Adiantum trapeziforme (Giant Maidenhair, Diamond Maidenhair, Trapezoidal Maidenhair)
Pityrogramma calomelanos (Linnaeus) Link (Dixie Silverback Fern, Silver Fern)
Pteris ensiformis cv. Evergemiensis (Silver Lace Fern, Slender Brake Fern)
Pteris multifida (Spider brake, Spider fern, Chinese brake, Saw-leaved bracken)
Rosaceae:
Fragaria x ananassa (Strawberry, Garden Strawberry, Cultivated Strawberry)
Rubiaceae:
Carphalea kirondron (Flaming Beauty)
Ixora species (Jungle Flame, Jungle Geranium, Flame of the Woods, Needle Flower, West Indian Jasmine)
Mussaenda erythrophylla (Ashanti Blood, Red Flag Bush, Red Mussaenda)
Mussaenda luteola (Dwarf Yellow Mussaenda, White Wing, Miniature White Flag)
Mussaenda philippica ‘Aurorae’ (White Mussaenda, Tropical Dogwood, Virgin Tree)
Mussaenda philippics ‘Dona Luz’ (Tropical Dogwood Dona Luz, Dona Luz Pink Mussaenda)
Pentas lanceolata (Egyptian Star-cluster, Egyptian Star, Star Flower, Star Cluster, Pentas)
Ruscaceae:
Dracaena marginata ‘Tricolor’ (Rainbow Tree, Tricolor/Variegated Dracaena, Variegated Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Red-margined/Red-edged Dracaena)
Nolina recurvata; Beaucarnea recurvata (Ponytail Plant, Bottle Palm)
Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Bantel Sensation’ (White Sansevieria)
Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Golden Hahnii’ (Golden Birdnest Sansevieria, Golden Bird’s Nest Snake Plant, Golden Birdnest Goodluck Plant)
Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Laurentii’ (Goldband Sansevieria, Variegated Snake Plant, Mother-in-law’s tongue)
Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Silver Hahnii’ (Silver Birdnest Sansevieria, Silver Bird’s Nest Snake Plant, Dwarf Silver Snake Plant)
Rutaceae:
Citrus hystrix (Thai Lime, Kaffir Lime, Makrut Lime, Mauritius Papeda, Limau Purut)
Citrus limon (Lemon)
Citrus maxima (Pomelo, Pomello, Pummelo, Limau Bali/Besar in Malay)
Citrus mitis (Calamansi, Golden Lime, Panama Orange, Orange Calamondin, Chinese Orange, Musk/Acid Orange, Limau Kasturi)
Citrus x paradisi (Grapefruit, Paradise Citrus)
Murraya koenigii (Curry Leaf/Leaves, Curry Leaf Plant/Tree)
Murraya paniculata (Orange Jessamine/Jasmine, Chinese Box, Mock Orange/Lime, Lakeview Jasmine)
Salicaceae:
Salix babylonica (Weeping Willow, Peking Willow, Chinese Weeping Willow, Babylon Weeping Willow, Babylon Willow)
Sapindaceae:
Dimocarpus longan (Longan, Lungan, Dragon’s Eye, Mata Kuching in Malay)
Scrophulariaceae:
Otacanthus caeruleus (Brazilian Snapdragon, Amazon Blue)
Torenia fournieri (Bluewings, Wishbone Flower, Torenia)
Selaginellaceae:
Selaginella plana (Asian Spikemoss, Cyperus Clubmoss/Spikemoss, Paka Merak in Malay)
Solanaceae
Brugmansia suaveolens (Angel’s Trumpet, Angel-star, Angel’s Tears, Brugmansia, Tree Datura, Toa, Maikoa)
Brunfelsia calycina / pauciflora (Yesterday-today-tomorrow, Kiss-me-quick)
Capsicum frutescens cv. Bird’s Eye (Chilli Padi, Bird Chilli, Bird’s Eye, Tabasco Pepper, Red Pepper, Bird Pepper, Thai Chili, Chabai)
Petunia, followed by the cultivar or hybrid name (Petunia)
Solanum macranthum (Potato Tree, Brazilian Potato Tree, Giant Potato Tree, Giant Star Potato Tree)
Solanum melongena (Brinjal, Eggplant, Aubergine, Terong in Malay)
Solanum pseudocapsicum (Jerusalem Cherry, Christmas/Winter Cherry, Madeira Cherry, Coral Bush)
Strelitziaceae
Ravenala madagascariensis (Traveller’s Palm, Traveller’s Tree)
Strelitzia reginae (Crane Flower/Plant, Bird of Paradise, Bird of Paradise flower/plant, Crane-leaved Strelitzia)
Verbenaceae
Clerodendrum thomsoniae (Bleeding Heart Vine, Glory Bower)
Duranta erecta ‘Geisha Girl’ (Pigeon Berry, Golden Dewdrop, Skyflower)
Duranta erecta/repens ‘Sweet Memories’ (Pigeon Berry, Golden Dewdrop)
Lantana camara (Lantana, Largeleaf Lantana, Spanish Flag, Shrub Verbena, Red/Yellow/Wild Sage)
Vitaceae (Vitidaceae)
Cissus discolor (Rex Begonia Vine, Trailing/Climbing Begonia Vine, Painted Cissus)
Xanthorrhoeaceae
Dianella ensifolia [syn.: D. ensata, D. nemorosa, Dracaena ensata] (Umbrella Dracaena, Sword Leaf Dianella, New Zealand Lilyplant, Cerulean Flax-lily)
Zingiberaceae
Alpinia purpurata ‘Red’ (Red Ginger, Jungle King / Queen)
Alpinia zerumbet (Shell Ginger, Shellflower, Butterfly Ginger, Pink Porcelain Lily, Light Galangal)
Curcuma longa [syn.: Curcuma domestica] (Turmeric, Common Turmeric, Indian Saffron, Curcuma)
Hedychium coronarium (White Ginger Lily, White Ginger, Butterfly Ginger Lily, Garland Flower)

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