Peacock (Peafowl, Peahen)
In both species of Pavo, the male has a 90–130 cm body and 150 cm train of tail feathers that are coloured a brilliant metallic green.
This train is mainly formed of the bird’s upper tail coverts which are enormously elongated.
Each feather is tipped with an iridescent eyespot that is ringed with blue and bronze.
At the climax of this display, the tail feathers are vibrated, giving the feathers of the train a shimmering appearance and making a rustling sound.
The blue peacock’s body feathers are mostly metallic blue-green.
The green peacock, with a train much like that of the blue, has green-and-bronze body feathers.
In the wild, both species live in open lowland forests, flocking by day and roosting high in trees at night.
During the breeding season, the male peacock forms a harem of two to five hens, each of which lays four to eight whitish eggs in a depression in the ground.
- Common name: Peafowl or Peahen
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Aves
- Order: Galliformes
- Family: Phasianidae (Pheasants and their allies)
- Subfamily: Phasianinae
- Species: Pavo cristatus from India and Sri Lanka, Pavo mutinous from Myanmar, Indochina and Java, Afropavo congensis from Congo.
Habitat: Peafowl are forest birds that nest on the ground, but roost in trees. They are terrestrial feeders. All species of peafowl are believed to be polygamous. In common with other members of the Galliformes, the males possess metatarsal spurs or thorns on their legs used during intraspecific territorial fights with other members of their kind.