Halcyon smyrnensis (White-throated Kingfisher)
Kingfishers are a family of small to medium-sized and brightly coloured birds.
All kingfishers have large heads, long, sharp, pointed or dagger-like bills, short legs and stubby tails.
Most species have bright plumage with only small differences between the sexes.
The kingfishers have excellent vision. They are capable of binocular vision and are thought in particular to have good colour vision. The irises of most species are dark brown.
- Scientific name: Halcyon smyrnensis
- Common name: White-throated Kingfisher
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Aves
- Order: Coraciiformes
- Family: Alcedinidae
- Subfamily: Halcyoninae (tree kingfishers)
Range: The kingfishers have a cosmopolitan distribution, occurring throughout the world’s tropical and temperate regions.
Habitat: White-throated kingfisher is a common species of a variety of habitats, mostly open country in the plains but has been seen at 7500 ft in the Himalayas with trees, wires or other perches. The range of the species is expanding. This beauty is widespread and populations are not threatened.
Breeding: The White-throated kingfisher begins breeding at the onset of the monsoons. Males perch on prominent high posts in their territory and call in the early morning. The tail may be flicked now and in its courtship display the wings are stiffly flicked open for a second or two exposing the white wing mirrors.
Feeding and diet:
Wikipedia on the Kingfisher.